When you step into a carpet showroom, it can be overwhelming to see the array of carpet styles and colors. Understanding the different carpet types can make it easier to choose the carpet that's best suited for your home and lifestyle. Different types of carpet mean different types of durability and ease of cleaning as well. Our ServiceMaster Clean carpeting experts have a breakdown of the various types of carpet often used in residential homes.
3 Basic Carpet Styles
Carpet styles can be categorized by the way the carpet is constructed. The three basic carpet styles are:
- Cut pile
- Loop pile
- Cut and loop pile
Cut piles may be the most common type used in residential homes and include various kinds of carpet such as the popular Saxony style. Berber is an example of loop pile, while a basic cut and loop style is also known as sculpted carpet.
Cut Pile Style: Variations or Sub-categories
Cut pile carpets take their form when the fiber loops created during the weaving process are cut to the same, even height. Different cut pile carpet styles provide a different look for your home. The most common cut pile style is the Saxony. Saxony carpets feature two or more twisted yarn piles that are set with heat so each tip can be seen at the pile's surface. This style of carpeting tends to show surface marks easily, such as footprints, vacuum cleaner streaks and furniture indents. Plush carpeting is another cut pile style, offering an elegant look often favored for a more formal living space. Plush carpets also show footprints, vacuum cleaner marks and furniture indents. Plus, this style is more prone to what is known as watermarking. Watermarking happens when the carpet exhibits permanent pile reversal -- the affected area may appear wet when it's really just the way the pile is laying. A textured cut pile will not show footprints or other indentation marks like a plush or Saxony style. The way the carpet fibers curl on a textured carpet reduces the appearance of light reflectance, which reduces the appearance of footprints and other marks, reports the Carpet Buyers Handbook. Frieze carpet is another type of cut pile and one that also minimizes the appearance of footprints.
Loop Piles and Cut/Loop Piles
Loop pile carpet styles are usually constructed from olefin or nylon and include the popular Berber carpet style. All carpet begins as loop pile until cutting occurs. Loop styles like Berber are ideal for high traffic areas due to their durability and resistance to stains. The combination cut and loop pile allows manufacturers to create attractive patterns and textures used to enhance a room's style and decor. Also, the cut and loop pile combo offers resistance to footprints and vacuum marks. No matter which carpet styles catch your eye or are already gracing your home, the professionals at ServiceMaster Clean know the proper techniques to treat and clean each one. Even if you're not sure, we can tell you what type of carpet is in your home and prepare the right cleaning method to help restore and refresh the carpeting.